Answer the following questions about the systems of innovation:
1. Describe the key differences between National/Regional systems of Innovation and Triple Helix
2. Describe how Quadruple and Quintuple Helix add on the Triple Helix framework
you have to answer these 2 ques 1200 words
i will give reassures for writing this assessments
Carayannis, E, G, Grigoroudis, E, Campbell, D, F, J, Meissner, D & Stamati, D 2018, ‘The ecosystem as helix: an exploratory theory‐building study of regional co‐operative entrepreneurial ecosystems as Quadruple/Quintuple Helix Innovation Models’, R & D Management, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 148–162. https://cdu-edu-
Carayannis, E, G, Barth, T, D & Campbell, D, F, J 2012. ‘The Quintuple Helix innovation model: global warming as a challenge and driver for innovation’, Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–12.
Cooke, P, Uranga, M, G & Etxebarria, G 1997, ‘Regional innovation systems: Institutional and organisational dimensions’, Research Policy, vol. 26, pp. 475-491.
Ranga, M, Etzkowitz, H 2013, ‘Triple Helix Systems: An Analytical Framework for Innovation Policy and Practice in the Knowledge Society’, Industry & higher education, vol. 27, no. 4, pp.237-262.
- Yigitcanlar, T, Edvardsson, I, R, Johannesson, H, Kamruzzaman, M, Ioppolo, G & Pancholi, S 2017. Knowledge-based development dynamics in less favoured regions: Insights from Australian and Icelandic university towns. European Planning Studies, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 2272–2292. https://cdu-edu-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/f/7r169d/TN_cdi_crossref_primary_10_1080_09654313_2017_1358699